The **First 285** is a 27’2” (8.3m) cruiser-racer sailboat designed by *Finot Conq Architectes* (France). She was built between 1987 and 1992 by *Bénéteau* (France) with 451 hulls completed. The *Keel and centerboard* version features a centerboard inside of a short fin-keel allowing shoal draft while maintaining upwind capabilities.

The**First 285** is as well listed, on Boat-Specs.com, in Fin keel and Wing keel version (see all the versions compared).

The

- Model
- First 285
- Version
- Keel and centerboard
- Hull type
- Monohull
- Category
- Cruiser-racer sailboat
- Sailboat builder
- Sailboat designer
- Sailboat range
- Country
- France
- Construction
- GRP (glass reinforced polyester):

Single skin fiberglass polyester - Number of hulls built
- 451
- First built hull
- 1987
- Last built hull
- 1992
- Appendages
- Centerboard : pivoting centerboard in the keel
- Helm
- Single tiller
- Rudder
- Twin spade rudders
- Unsinkable
- No
- Trailerable
- No
- Former French navigation category
- 2
- Standard public price ex. VAT (indicative only)
- N/A €

- Overall length
- 28’ 10”8.77 m
- Hull length
- 27’ 2”8.3 m
- Waterline length
- 24’ 4”7.4 m
- Beam (width)
- 9’ 10”2.99 m
- Draft
- 2’ 2”0.66 m
- Draft when appendages up
- 6’ 5”1.94 m
- Mast height from D
_{WL} - 39’ 11”12.16 m
- Light displacement (M
_{LC}) - 5401 lb2450 kg
- Ballast weight
- 1764 lb800 kg
- Ballast type
- Cast iron exterior ballast with steel centerboard

- Upwind sail area
- 455 ft²42.28 m²
- Downwind sail area
- 845 ft²78.5 m²
- Mainsail area
- 199 ft²18.5 m²
- Genoa area
- 256 ft²23.78 m²
- Jib area
- 144 ft²13.4 m²
- Symmetric spinnaker area
- 646 ft²60 m²
- I
*iFore triangle height (from mast foot to fore stay top attachment)* - 32’ 6”9.91 m
- J
*iFore triangle base (from mast foot to bottom of forestay)* - 10’ 4”3.14 m
- P
*iMainsail hoist measurement (from tack to head)* - 31’ 2”9.52 m
- E
*iMainsail foot measurement (from tack to clew)* - 11’ 1”3.38 m
- Rigging type
- Sloop Marconi 9/10
- Mast configuration
- Deck stepped mast
- Rotating spars
- No
- Number of levels of spreaders
- 1
- Spreaders angle
- 5 °
- Spars construction
- Aluminum spars
- Standing rigging
- 1x19 strand wire continuous

- HN (French rating)
*iHN or "Handicap Nationale" is an empirical rating system used in France allowing various monohulls, of different sizes and designs, to race each other fairly. It is particularly suitable for cruiser and cruiser-racer. Therefore, by comparing these values, we can have an indication of the relative speed of 2 boats.* - 15.0
- Upwind sail area to displacement
*iThe ratio sail area to displacement is obtained by dividing the sail area by the boat's displaced volume to the power two-thirds.*

The ratio sail area to displacement can be used to compare the relative sail plan of different sailboats no matter what their size.

Upwind: under 18 the ratio indicates a cruise oriented sailboat with limited performances especially in light wind, while over 25 it indicates a fast sailboat. - 250 ft²/T23.26 m²/T
- Downwind sail area to displacement
*iThe ratio sail area to displacement is obtained by dividing the sail area by the boat's displaced volume to the power two-thirds.*

The ratio sail area to displacement can be used to compare the relative sail plan of different sailboats no matter what their size. - 465 ft²/T43.19 m²/T
- Displacement-length ratio (DLR)
*iThe Displacement Length Ratio (DLR) is a figure that points out the boat's weight compared to its waterline length. The DLR is obtained by dividing the boat's displacement in tons by the cube of one one-hundredth of the waterline length (in feet).*

The DLR can be used to compare the relative mass of different sailboats no matter what their length:

a DLR less than 180 is indicative of a really light sailboat (race boat made for planning), while a DLR greater than 300 is indicative of a heavy cruising sailboat. - 171
- Ballast ratio
*iThe Ballast ratio is an indicator of stability; it is obtained by dividing the boat's displacement by the mass of the ballast. Since the stability depends also of the hull shapes and the position of the center of gravity, only the boats with similar ballast arrangements and hull shapes should be compared.*

The higher the ballast ratio is, the greater is the stability. - 33 %
- Wetted area
- 177 ft²16.43 m²
- Righting moment @ 1°
*iThe righting moment is a moment (torque) that tends to restore a boat to its previous position after heeling. Its value corresponds to the torque needed to heel the boat for this angle.*

Higher the righting moment is for an angle, greater is the stability. - 294 lb.ft41 kg.m
- Maximum transverse section
- 8 ft²0.77 m²
- Critical hull speed
*iAs a ship moves in the water, it creates standing waves that oppose its movement. This effect increases dramatically the resistance when the boat reaches a speed-length ratio (speed-length ratio is the ratio between the speed in knots and the square root of the waterline length in feet) of about 1.2 (corresponding to a Froude Number of 0.35) . This very sharp rise in resistance, between speed-length ratio of 1.2 to 1.5, is insurmountable for heavy sailboats and so becomes an apparent barrier. This leads to the concept of "hull speed".*

The hull speed is obtained by multiplying the square root of the waterline length (in feet) by 1.34. - 6.60 knots

- Engine(s)
- 1 inboard engine
- Engine(s) power (min./max.)
- 9 HP / 18 HP
- Fuel type
- Diesel
- Fuel tank capacity
- 7.1 gal27 liters

- Cockpit
- Closed aft cockpit
- Cabin(s)
- 2
- Berth(s)
- 6
- Head(s)
- 1
- Freshwater tank capacity
- 26.4 gal100 liters
- Boiler capacity
- 15.9 gal60 liters
- Maximum headroom
- 6’ 4”1.91 m
- Galley headroom
- 6’ 1”1.85 m
- Head headroom
- 5’ 8”1.75 m

- Maximum headroom
- 6’ 1”1.85 m
- Saloon table length
- 2’ 8”0.82 m
- Saloon table width (min./max.)
- 2’ 10”0.85 m / 3’0.9 m
- Berth length
- 5’ 2”1.59 m
- Berth width
- 1’ 7”0.5 m

- Maximum headroom
- 5’ 5”1.66 m
- Berth length
- 6’ 11”2.1 m
- Berth width
- 5’ 5”1.65 m

- Maximum headroom
- 5’ 10”1.78 m
- Berth length
- 6’ 2”1.9 m
- Berth width (head/feet)
- 4’ 7”1.4 m / 3’ 1”0.94 m

Sailboats

First built hull

Hull length

1981

30’ 4”9.25 m

1980

28’ 2”8.6 m

2013

24’ 7”7.5 m

1971

30’9.14 m

1990

26’7.93 m

1987

27’ 2”8.3 m

2002

27’ 2”8.3 m

1981

30’ 4”9.25 m

1997

27’ 11”8.5 m

1983

30’ 2”9.2 m

1979

24’ 10”7.55 m

1983

28’ 6”8.7 m

1984

25’ 5”7.75 m

1990

30’9.14 m

1997

31’ 2”9.5 m