The **First 22** is a 21’7” (6.58m) cruiser-racer sailboat designed by *Groupe Finot* (France). She was built between 1978 and 1983 by *Bénéteau* (France) with 763 hulls completed. The *Swing keel* version features an appendage configuration without compromise between draft and performance. The only drawbacks are the space is taken inside and the effort needed to lift the keel....

The**First 22** is as well listed, on Boat-Specs.com, in Fin keel version (see all the versions compared).

The

- Model
- First 22
- Version
- Swing keel
- Hull type
- Monohull
- Category
- Cruiser-racer sailboat
- Sailboat builder
- Sailboat designer
- Sailboat range
- Country
- France
- Construction
- GRP (glass reinforced polyester):

- Hull: Single skin fiberglass polyester

- Deck: Sandwich balsa fiberglass polyester - Number of hulls built
- 763
- First built hull
- 1978
- Last built hull
- 1983
- Appendages
- Lifting keel : swing keel
- Helm
- Single tiller
- Rudder
- Single transom hung rudder
- Unsinkable
- No
- Trailerable
- Yes
- Former French navigation category
- 3
- Standard public price ex. VAT (indicative only)
- N/A €

- Overall length
- 22’ 10”6.95 m
- Hull length
- 21’ 7”6.58 m
- Waterline length
- 19’5.8 m
- Beam (width)
- 8’ 2”2.5 m
- Waterline beam (width)
- 6’ 8”2.05 m
- Draft
- 5’ 2”1.58 m
- Draft when appendages up
- 2’ 6”0.76 m
- Mast height from D
_{WL} - 28’ 4”8.62 m
- Fore freeboard
- 2’ 7”0.8 m
- Mid-ship freeboard
- 2’ 4”0.69 m
- Light displacement (M
_{LC}) - 3064 lb1390 kg
- Maximum displacement (M
_{LDC}) - 3946 lb1790 kg
- Ballast weight
- 926 lb420 kg
- Ballast type
- Cast iron
- French customs tonnage
- 3.59 Tx

- Upwind sail area
- 280 ft²26.05 m²
- Downwind sail area
- 493 ft²45.83 m²
- Mainsail area
- 106 ft²9.83 m²
- Genoa area
- 175 ft²16.22 m²
- Jib area
- 79 ft²7.3 m²
- Stormjib area
- 42 ft²3.9 m²
- Symmetric spinnaker area
- 388 ft²36 m²
- I
*iFore triangle height (from mast foot to fore stay top attachment)* - 24’7.3 m
- J
*iFore triangle base (from mast foot to bottom of forestay)* - 8’ 10”2.67 m
- P
*iMainsail hoist measurement (from tack to head)* - 22’ 6”6.85 m
- E
*iMainsail foot measurement (from tack to clew)* - 7’ 11”2.4 m
- Rigging type
- Sloop Marconi masthead
- Mast configuration
- Deck stepped mast
- Rotating spars
- No
- Number of levels of spreaders
- 1
- Spreaders angle
- 0 °
- Spars construction
- Aluminum spars
- Standing rigging
- 1x19 strand wire continuous

- IOR rating
*iIOR, or International Offshore Rule, was a measurement rule system used internationally for ocean racing. It allows boats of different sizes and designs to race each other fairly. Therefore, by comparing these values, we can have an indication of the relative speed of 2 boats.* - 16.3
- HN (French rating)
*iHN or "Handicap Nationale" is an empirical rating system used in France allowing various monohulls, of different sizes and designs, to race each other fairly. It is particularly suitable for cruiser and cruiser-racer. Therefore, by comparing these values, we can have an indication of the relative speed of 2 boats.* - 7.0
- Upwind sail area to displacement
*iThe ratio sail area to displacement is obtained by dividing the sail area by the boat's displaced volume to the power two-thirds.*

The ratio sail area to displacement can be used to compare the relative sail plan of different sailboats no matter what their size.

Upwind: under 18 the ratio indicates a cruise oriented sailboat with limited performances especially in light wind, while over 25 it indicates a fast sailboat. - 225 ft²/T20.92 m²/T
- Downwind sail area to displacement
*iThe ratio sail area to displacement is obtained by dividing the sail area by the boat's displaced volume to the power two-thirds.*

The ratio sail area to displacement can be used to compare the relative sail plan of different sailboats no matter what their size. - 396 ft²/T36.8 m²/T
- Displacement-length ratio (DLR)
*iThe Displacement Length Ratio (DLR) is a figure that points out the boat's weight compared to its waterline length. The DLR is obtained by dividing the boat's displacement in tons by the cube of one one-hundredth of the waterline length (in feet).*

The DLR can be used to compare the relative mass of different sailboats no matter what their length:

a DLR less than 180 is indicative of a really light sailboat (race boat made for planning), while a DLR greater than 300 is indicative of a heavy cruising sailboat. - 202
- Ballast ratio
*iThe Ballast ratio is an indicator of stability; it is obtained by dividing the boat's displacement by the mass of the ballast. Since the stability depends also of the hull shapes and the position of the center of gravity, only the boats with similar ballast arrangements and hull shapes should be compared.*

The higher the ballast ratio is, the greater is the stability. - 30 %
- Wetted area
- 114 ft²10.55 m²
- Maximum transverse section
- 6 ft²0.58 m²
- Critical hull speed
*iAs a ship moves in the water, it creates standing waves that oppose its movement. This effect increases dramatically the resistance when the boat reaches a speed-length ratio (speed-length ratio is the ratio between the speed in knots and the square root of the waterline length in feet) of about 1.2 (corresponding to a Froude Number of 0.35) . This very sharp rise in resistance, between speed-length ratio of 1.2 to 1.5, is insurmountable for heavy sailboats and so becomes an apparent barrier. This leads to the concept of "hull speed".*

The hull speed is obtained by multiplying the square root of the waterline length (in feet) by 1.34. - 5.85 knots

- Engine(s)
- 1 outboard engine
- Engine(s) power (min./max.)
- 4 HP / 10 HP
- Fuel type
- Gas

- Cockpit
- Closed aft cockpit
- Cabin(s)
- 1
- Berth(s)
- 4
- Freshwater tank capacity
- 13.2 gal50 liters
- Maximum headroom
- 4’ 11”1.5 m
- Galley headroom
- 4’ 4”1.3 m

- Maximum headroom
- 4’ 11”1.5 m
- Saloon table length
- 2’ 7”0.8 m
- Saloon table width
- 2’ 1”0.65 m
- Berth length
- 6’ 7”2 m
- Berth width
- 1’ 10”0.55 m

- Maximum headroom
- 3’ 11”1.2 m
- Berth length
- 6’ 1”1.85 m
- Berth width
- 5’ 7”1.7 m

Sailboats

First built hull

Hull length

1982

24’ 7”7.5 m

1980

28’ 2”8.6 m

1978

18’5.5 m

2013

20’ 6”6.25 m

2013

24’ 7”7.5 m

1971

30’9.14 m

1978

25’ 6”7.77 m

1978

25’7.62 m

1986

21’ 7”6.57 m

2016

22’6.7 m

1994

24’ 7”7.49 m

1979

24’ 10”7.55 m

1984

25’ 5”7.75 m

2004

20’ 6”6.25 m

1978

21’ 7”6.58 m