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Sailboat specifications and datasheets

First 38 shoal draft

The First 38, here in "shoal draft" version, is a 38’6” offshore monohull sailboat designed by Jean Berret and Olivier Racoupeau. She was built by Bénéteau (France) and made of monolithic fiberglass / polyester. This sailboat was produced between 1982 and 1985 with 566 hulls completed.

The First 38 belongs to the First range. The First 38 is as well listed, on Boat-Specs.com, in version Deep draft and S.

Bénéteau First 38 Bénéteau First 38 sailplanBénéteau First 38 layoutBénéteau First 38 sailingBénéteau First 38 sailingBénéteau First 38 sailingBénéteau First 38 sailingBénéteau First 38 sailingBénéteau First 38 cockpitBénéteau First 38 accommodationsBénéteau First 38 accommodationsBénéteau First 38 accommodations
First 38's   Main Features
Model First 38
Version Shoal draft
Type of hull Monohull
Category Cruiser-racer sailboat
Shipyard
Designer Jean Berret
Olivier Racoupeau
Range First
Construction Hull:
monolithic fiberglass / polyester
Deck:
sandwich balsa / fiberglass / polyester
First built hull 1982
Last built hull 1985
Number of hulls built 566
Appendages Keel :
Fin without bulb
Helm 1 wheel
Rudder 1 spade rudder
Cockpit Closed aft cockpit
Unsinkable No
Trailerable No
French navigation category 1
Standard public price ex. VAT (indicative only) N/A
First 38's   Main dimensions
Length overall 40’ 2”
Hull length 38’ 6”
Waterline length 33’ 11”
Beam (width) 12’ 10”
Draft 4’ 11”
Mast height from DWL 52’ 6”
Light displacement 15653 lbs
Ballast weight 6614 lbs
French customs tonnage 14.00 Tx
First 38's   Rig and sails
Upwind sail area 845 sq.ft
Downwind sail area 1496 sq.ft
Mainsail area 323 sq.ft
Genoa area 522 sq.ft
Jib area 301 sq.ft
Stormjib area 83 sq.ft
Symetric spinnaker area 1173 sq.ft
Rigging type Sloop Marconi masthead
Rotating spars No
Mast position Keel stepped mast
Spars Mast and boom in Aluminum
Standing rigging 1x19 strand wire
Number of levels of spreaders 2
Spreaders angle 0 °
First 38's   Performances
Upwind sail area to displacementiThe ratio sail area to displacement is obtained by dividing the sail area by the boat's displaced volume to the power two-thirds.
The ratio sail area to displacement can be used to compare the relative sail plan of different sailboats no matter what their size. Upwind : under 18 the ratio indicates a cruise oriented sailboat with limited performances especially in light wind, while over 23 it indicates a fast sailboat.
21.25
Downwind sail area to displacementiThe ratio sail area to displacement is obtained by dividing the sail area by the boat's displaced volume to the power two-thirds.
The ratio sail area to displacement can be used to compare the relative sail plan of different sailboats no matter what their size. Upwind : under 18 the ratio indicates a cruise oriented sailboat with limited performances especially in light wind, while over 23 it indicates a fast sailboat.
37.63
Displacement-Length ratio (DLR)iThe Displacement Length ratio is a figure that points out the boat's weight compared to its waterline length. DLR is obtained by dividing the boat's displacement in tons by the cube of one one-hundredth of the waterline length (in feet).
The DLR can be used to compare the relative mass of different sailboats no matter what their length: a DLR less than 180 is indicative of a really light sailboat (race boat made for planning), while a DLR greater than 300 is indicative of a heavy cruising sailboat.
183
Ballast ratioiThe Ballast ratio is an indicator of the stability; it is obtained by dividing the boat's displacement by the weight of the ballast. Since the stability depends also of the hull shape and the position of the center of gravity, only boats with similar ballast arrangements and hull shape should be considered.
Higher the ballast ratio is, greater is the stability.
42 %
Hull speediAs a ship moves in the water, it creates standing waves that oppose its movement. This effect increases dramatically the resistance when the boat reaches a speed-length ratio (speed-length ratio is the ratio between the speed in knots and the square root of the waterline length in feet) of about 1.2 (corresponding to a Froude Number of 0.35) . This very sharp rise in resistance, between speed-length ratio of 1.2 to 1.5, is insurmountable for heavy sailboats and so becomes an apparent barrier. This leads to the concept of "hull speed".
The hull speed is obtained by multiplying the square root of the waterline length (in feet) by 1.34.
7.80 knots
First 38's   Auxiliary engine
Engine(s) 1
Engine type Inboard engine
Engine (min/max) 40 HP / 60 HP
Fuel type Diesel
Fuel tank capacity 34.3 gal
First 38's   Accommodation
Cabin(s) 3
Berth(s) (min/max) 6 / 10
Head(s) 2
Fresh water tank capacity 105.7 gal
Maximum headroom 6’ 4”

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