**First 285**, here in "

*keel and centerboard*" version, is a 27’2”

**monohull sailboat**designed by

*Jean Marie Finot*and

*Pascal Conq*. She was built by

*Bénéteau*(France) and made of monolithic fiberglass / polyester. This sailboat was produced between 1987 and 1992 with 451 hulls completed.

The **First 285** belongs to the *First* range. The **First 285** is as well listed, on Boat-Specs.com, in version Fin keel and Wing keel.

First 285's Main Features | |
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Model | First 285 |

Version | Keel and centerboard |

Type of hull | Monohull |

Category | Cruiser-racer sailboat |

Shipyard | |

Designer | Jean Marie Finot Pascal Conq |

Range | First |

Construction | Hull and deck: monolithic fiberglass / polyester |

First built hull | 1987 |

Last built hull | 1992 |

Number of hulls built | 451 |

Appendages | Centerboard : Centerboard in the keel |

Helm | 1 tiller |

Rudder | 2 spade rudders |

Cockpit | Closed aft cockpit |

Unsinkable | No |

Trailerable | No |

French navigation category | 2 |

Standard public price ex. VAT (indicative only) | N/A |

First 285's Main dimensions | |
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Length overall | 28’ 10” |

Hull length | 27’ 2” |

Waterline length | 24’ 4” |

Beam (width) | 9’ 10” |

Draft | 2’ 2” |

Draft when appendages up | 6’ 5” |

Mast height from DWL | 39’ 11” |

Light displacement | 5401 lbs |

Ballast weight | 1764 lbs |

Ballast type | Cast iron exterior ballast with steel centerboard |

First 285's Rig and sails | |
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Upwind sail area | 455 sq.ft |

Downwind sail area | 845 sq.ft |

Mainsail area | 199 sq.ft |

Genoa area | 256 sq.ft |

Jib area | 144 sq.ft |

Symetric spinnaker area | 646 sq.ft |

Rigging type | Sloop Marconi 9/10 |

Rotating spars | No |

Mast position | Deck stepped mast |

Spars | Mast and boom in Aluminum |

Standing rigging | 1x19 strand wire continuous |

Number of levels of spreaders | 1 |

Spreaders angle | 5 ° |

IiFore triangle height (from mast foot to fore stay attachment) |
32’ 6” |

JiFore triangle base (from mast foot to bottom of forestay) |
10’ 4” |

PiMainsail hoist measurement (from tack to head) |
31’ 2” |

EiMainsail foot measurement (from tack to clew) |
11’ 1” |

First 285's Performances | |
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HN (French rating) | 15.0 |

Upwind sail area to displacementiThe ratio sail area to displacement is obtained by dividing the sail area by the boat's displaced volume to the power two-thirds.The ratio sail area to displacement can be used to compare the relative sail plan of different sailboats no matter what their size. Upwind : under 18 the ratio indicates a cruise oriented sailboat with limited performances especially in light wind, while over 23 it indicates a fast sailboat. |
23.26 |

Downwind sail area to displacementiThe ratio sail area to displacement is obtained by dividing the sail area by the boat's displaced volume to the power two-thirds.The ratio sail area to displacement can be used to compare the relative sail plan of different sailboats no matter what their size. Upwind : under 18 the ratio indicates a cruise oriented sailboat with limited performances especially in light wind, while over 23 it indicates a fast sailboat. |
43.19 |

Displacement-Length ratio (DLR)iThe Displacement Length ratio is a figure that points out the boat's weight compared to its waterline length. DLR is obtained by dividing the boat's displacement in tons by the cube of one one-hundredth of the waterline length (in feet).The DLR can be used to compare the relative mass of different sailboats no matter what their length: a DLR less than 180 is indicative of a really light sailboat (race boat made for planning), while a DLR greater than 300 is indicative of a heavy cruising sailboat. |
171 |

Ballast ratioiThe Ballast ratio is an indicator of the stability; it is obtained by dividing the boat's displacement by the weight of the ballast. Since the stability depends also of the hull shape and the position of the center of gravity, only boats with similar ballast arrangements and hull shape should be considered.Higher the ballast ratio is, greater is the stability. |
33 % |

Wetted surface | 177 sq.ft |

Righting moment @ 1°iThe righting moment is a moment (torque) that tends to restore a boat to its previous position after a rotational displacement. Its value corresponds to the torque needed to heel the boat for this angle.Higher the righting moment is for an angle, greater is the stability at this angle. |
294 lbs.ft |

Maximum transverse section | 8 sq.ft |

Hull speediAs a ship moves in the water, it creates standing waves that oppose its movement. This effect increases dramatically the resistance when the boat reaches a speed-length ratio (speed-length ratio is the ratio between the speed in knots and the square root of the waterline length in feet) of about 1.2 (corresponding to a Froude Number of 0.35) . This very sharp rise in resistance, between speed-length ratio of 1.2 to 1.5, is insurmountable for heavy sailboats and so becomes an apparent barrier. This leads to the concept of "hull speed".The hull speed is obtained by multiplying the square root of the waterline length (in feet) by 1.34. |
6.60 knots |

First 285's Auxiliary engine | |
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Engine(s) | 1 |

Engine type | Inboard engine |

Engine (min/max) | 9 HP / 18 HP |

Fuel type | Diesel |

Fuel tank capacity | 7.1 gal |

First 285's Accommodation | |
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Cabin(s) | 2 |

Berth(s) | 6 |

Head(s) | 1 |

Fresh water tank capacity | 26.4 gal |

Water heater capacity | 15.9 gal |

Maximum headroom | 6’ 4” |

Galley headroom | 6’ 1” |

Head headroom | 5’ 8” |

First 285's Saloon | |
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Maximum headroom | 6’ 1” |

Saloon table length | 2’ 8” |

Saloon table width (min/max) | 2’ 10” / 3’ |

Berth length | 5’ 2” |

Berth width | 1’ 7” |

First 285's Fore cabin | |
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Maximum headroom | 5’ 5” |

Berth length | 6’ 11” |

Berth width | 5’ 5” |

First 285's Aft cabin | |
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Maximum headroom | 5’ 10” |

Berth length | 6’ 2” |

Berth width (head/feet) | 4’ 7” 3’ 1” |