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Sailboat specifications and datasheets

First 22 swing keel

The First 22, here in "swing keel" version, is a 21’7” monohull sailboat designed by Jean Marie Finot and Pascal Conq. She was built by Bénéteau (France) and made of monolithic fiberglass / polyester. This sailboat was produced between 1978 and 1983 with 763 hulls completed.

The First 22 belongs to the First range. The First 22 is as well listed, on Boat-Specs.com, in version Fin keel.

Bénéteau First 22 Bénéteau First 22 sailplanBénéteau First 22 layoutBénéteau First 22 sailingBénéteau First 22 sailingBénéteau First 22 accommodations
First 22's   Main Features
Model First 22
Version Swing keel
Type of hull Monohull
Shipyard
Designer Jean Marie Finot
Pascal Conq
Range First
Construction Hull:
monolithic fiberglass / polyester
Deck:
sandwich balsa / fiberglass / polyester
First built hull 1978
Last built hull 1983
Number of hulls built 763
Appendages Keel (lifting) :
Swing keel
Helm 1 tiller
Rudder 1 transom hung rudder
Unsinkable No
Trailerable Yes
French navigation category 3
Standard public price ex. VAT (indicative only) N/A
First 22's   Main dimensions
Length overall 22’ 10”
Hull length 21’ 7”
Waterline length 19’
Beam (width) 8’ 2”
Waterline beam (width) 6’ 8”
Draft 5’ 2”
Draft when appendages up 2’ 6”
Mast height from DWL 28’ 4”
Fore freeboard 2’ 7”
Mid-ship freeboard 2’ 4”
Light displacement 3020 lbs
Maximum displacement 3946 lbs
Ballast weight 882 lbs
Ballast type Cast iron
French customs tonnage 3.59 Tx
First 22's   Rig and sails
Upwind sail area 280 sq.ft
Downwind sail area 493 sq.ft
Mainsail area 106 sq.ft
Genoa area 175 sq.ft
Jib area 79 sq.ft
Stormjib area 42 sq.ft
Symetric spinnaker area 388 sq.ft
Rigging type Sloop Marconi masthead
Mast position Deck stepped mast
Spars Mast and boom in Aluminum
Standing rigging 1x19 strand wire continuous
Number of levels of spreaders 1
Spreaders angle 0 °
IiFore triangle height (from mast foot to fore stay attachment) 24’
JiFore triangle base (from mast foot to bottom of forestay) 8’ 10”
PiMainsail hoist measurement (from tack to head) 22’ 6”
EiMainsail foot measurement (from tack to clew) 7’ 11”
First 22's   Performances
HN (French rating) 7.0
IOR rating 16.3
Upwind sail area to displacementiThe ratio sail area to displacement is obtained by dividing the sail area by the boat's displaced volume to the power two-thirds.
The ratio sail area to displacement can be used to compare the relative sail plan of different sailboats no matter what their size. Upwind : under 18 the ratio indicates a cruise oriented sailboat with limited performances especially in light wind, while over 23 it indicates a fast sailboat.
21.12
Downwind sail area to displacementiThe ratio sail area to displacement is obtained by dividing the sail area by the boat's displaced volume to the power two-thirds.
The ratio sail area to displacement can be used to compare the relative sail plan of different sailboats no matter what their size. Upwind : under 18 the ratio indicates a cruise oriented sailboat with limited performances especially in light wind, while over 23 it indicates a fast sailboat.
37.15
Displacement-Length ratio (DLR)iThe Displacement Length ratio is a figure that points out the boat's weight compared to its waterline length. DLR is obtained by dividing the boat's displacement in tons by the cube of one one-hundredth of the waterline length (in feet).
The DLR can be used to compare the relative mass of different sailboats no matter what their length: a DLR less than 180 is indicative of a really light sailboat (race boat made for planning), while a DLR greater than 300 is indicative of a heavy cruising sailboat.
199
Ballast ratioiThe Ballast ratio is an indicator of the stability; it is obtained by dividing the boat's displacement by the weight of the ballast. Since the stability depends also of the hull shape and the position of the center of gravity, only boats with similar ballast arrangements and hull shape should be considered.
Higher the ballast ratio is, greater is the stability.
29 %
Wetted surface 114 sq.ft
Maximum transverse section 6 sq.ft
Hull speediAs a ship moves in the water, it creates standing waves that oppose its movement. This effect increases dramatically the resistance when the boat reaches a speed-length ratio (speed-length ratio is the ratio between the speed in knots and the square root of the waterline length in feet) of about 1.2 (corresponding to a Froude Number of 0.35) . This very sharp rise in resistance, between speed-length ratio of 1.2 to 1.5, is insurmountable for heavy sailboats and so becomes an apparent barrier. This leads to the concept of "hull speed".
The hull speed is obtained by multiplying the square root of the waterline length (in feet) by 1.34.
5.85 knots
First 22's   Auxiliary engine
Engine(s) 1
Engine type Outboard engine
Engine (min/max) 4 HP / 10 HP
Fuel type Gas
First 22's   Accommodation
Cabin(s) 1
Berth(s) 4
Fresh water tank capacity 13.2 gal
Maximum headroom 4’ 11”
Galley headroom 4’ 4”
First 22's   Saloon
Maximum headroom 4’ 11”
Saloon table length 2’ 7”
Saloon table width (min/max) 2’ 1”
Berth length 6’ 7”
Berth width 1’ 10”
First 22's   Fore cabin
Maximum headroom 3’ 11”
Berth length 6’ 1”
Berth width 5’ 7”

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